Noziegumi pret cilvēci  Crimes against Humanity





Inta - pilsēta, kas būvēta uz cilvēku kauliem
Inta - a town built on human bones.
Bijušais Intas ieslodzītais Alfreds Geidāns rāda namus, kas būvēti uz ieslodzīto kauliem. 1990.g. ieraksts.
04:52. Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments.
Inta - pilsēta, kas būvēta uz cilvēku kauliem (2)
Alfreds Geidāns turpina stāstījumu.

Former Gulag places visited by Latvian survivors in 1990.
Inta is a coal mining town in the Komi Republic, Russia. It had its origin in one of the more notorious forced labour camps of the Gulag which was established in 1930-ties.

Inta (Komi). Former forced labour camps  Alfreds Geidāns stāsta par ieslodzīto ikdienu un bēgšanas mēģinājumiem. 1989.g. ieraksts.
08:59. Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments.
Former Gulag places visited by Latvian survivors in 1989.  Survivor Alfred Geidans tells about everyday's life of prisoners and some attempts to escape.

Abez (Komi)
Komunisma upuru apbedījumu vietas, kur guļ simti tūkstoši.
05:48. Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments.
Abez - mass cemetery where hundreds thousands victims of Communism are buried 

Vorkuta (3)
Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments. Filma uzņemta Alfreda Geidāna 1989. un 1990.g. organizētajās ekspedīcijās. Ieslodzīto dzeja. Lietuviešu aktīvists stāsta par viņa dēla noslepkavošanu. Bijušais ieslodzītais Jēkabs Kairens un noslēpto dokumentu meklēšana. 

Many Latvians and other Balts were imprisoned throughout the vast expanse of the Gulag. There were heavy concentrations of them across the entire northern part of European Russia including the Komi Republic camps of Kotlas, Ukhta, Inta and Pechora that approach and surround Vorkuta. They came in both the first deportation in 1941 and in the later deportations. They were made to work in timbering and railroad construction, then for settlement construction along the railroad. For example, 3,000 Balts were brought to Kotlas in 1941. Others were in the Abez-Inta group about 150 to 200 miles west of Vorkuta (coal mining, timbering, industrial prospecting for oil). Other Balts were forced to the Ust-Ukhta group near Vorkuta, with about 30 camps, and the Ust-Vym complex of 22 stations on the Vologda-Kotlas-Ukhta railroad line. There were more in large-scale lumber transport on the Vym and Vchedga rivers. The Pechora area had many camps in a region of dense forests. Pechora also contained a transit prison that sent laborers to many sites, including Kozhva, Ukhta, and Vorkuta. With the second Soviet occupation of the Baltic States at the end of World War II, a great number of Baltic citizens were forced into the Gulag. This continued through the early 1950s, when another large group of Baltic nationals were brought to these camps. These were young, patriotic Baltic citizens, members of anti-Soviet partisan groups from all three Baltic states. They, along with all of the Balts in the Gulag, were treated as political prisoners sentenced under the comprehensive Article 58 of the USSR criminal code.

Vorkuta (4)  
06:25  Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments. 1953. gada sacelšanās. Apšaušanas.

1953 was a remarkable year in the history of the Gulag. That year the Soviet leadership was faced by major rebellions at three camp complexes: Karaganda, Vorkuta and Norilsk. These dramatic revolts, the details and scope of which are still not well known, shook the foundation of the Soviet system. These events have special importance to the Baltic States because many Latvians, Lithuanians and Estonians were imprisoned in these camps and because Baltic nationals took a prominent part in the revolts. Baltic prisoners were also among the casualties when the revolts were brutally suppressed.

Soviet Vorkuta
05:36. Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments.
Former Gulag places visited by Latvian researchers in 1990
Vorkuta is a coal mining town in the Komi Republic, Russia, situated just north of the Arctic circle in the Pechora coal basin, at 67°30'N 64°02'E. Its population as of the 2002 census was 84,917. It had its origin in one of the more notorious forced labour camps of the Gulag which was established in 1932.
In 1941 the town and the labor camp system based around it were connected to the rest of the world by a prisoner-built railroad linking Konosha and Kotlas, and the camps of Inta. Vorkuta became a city on November 26, 1943. It was the largest centre of Gulag camps in European part of the USSR and served as administrative centre for a large number of smaller camps and sub-camps, among them Kotlas, Pechora, and Izhma (modern Sosnogorsk). In 1953 the town witnessed a major uprising by the camp inmates, in the so-called Vorkuta Uprising. Like other camp uprisings (such as the Kengir uprising), it was bloodily quelled by the Red Army and the NKVD. Afterwards, in the 1950s, many of the Gulag camps were disbanded. However, it is reported that some in the Vorkuta area continued to operate into the 1980s

Vorkuta. Upuru apbedījumi. Piemiņas krusta izgatavošana un uzstādīšana, ko organizēja Alfreds Geidāns 1990. gadā. 
07:18. Videofilmas Inta-Vorkuta (1990) fragments.
Former Gulag places visited by Latvian researchers in 1990.
Cemetery of Gulag victims. Building up memorial cross

Piemiņas zīmes - krusta uzstādīšana Vjatlagā
Filmas "Ekspedīcija Vjatlags - Usoļlags" beigu daļa
All his life Ilmars Knagis had been disturbed by thoughts about his fathers contribution and that of thousands of other Latvians who had established the independent State of Latvia, but whose remains were now scattered and forgotten in a strange and hostile country. Thus, in August 1995, in the former death camp territories of Vyatlag and Usollag, six-meter high crosses, cut from pine trees were erected. In the foundations of these crosses urns with sand from Latvia and plaques with the inscription To the citizens of Latvia -- victims of communist terror in Latvian, Russian, and English were entombed.

Vjatlagā ieslodzītais ārsts S.Čamanis
Fragments no videofilmas "Ekspedīcija Vjatlags - Usoļlags". (1995)

Masu demonstrācijas Latvijas okupēšanas gadadienā 1989. g. 17. jūnijā.
June 17, 1989. Mass demonstrations in Riga against Soviets.